domestic pig of Schwäbisch Hall

On the orders of King Wilhelm I, masked pigs (Maskenschweine?) were imported from Central China in 1820/21, in order to improve pig breeding in the kingdom of Baden-Württemberg. This crossbreeding with the "Chinese pigs" was particularly successful within the stocks of domestic pigs in the Hohenlohe region and the area around the town of Schwäbisch Hall. The new breed of Schwäbisch Hall pigs that was thus brought into being soon counted for more than 99% of all the pigs in that area. In the decades following the 2nd World War, however, people's tastes changed and they wanted lean, long-ribbed types of pig, and so the numbers began to decline dramatically. At the beginning of the 1980s, the domestic pig of Schwäbisch Hall was thought to have become extinct. Luckily a handful of farmers from the Hohenlohe area had still held on to their half black pigs, though. Founding a breeding society of their own and forming a Schwäbisch Hall farmers' production association, this worthy old race was saved from extinction in the nick of time. The domestic pig of Schwäbisch Hall has now conquered a solid market segment, in particular in the field of luxury gastronomy.

English name domestic pig of Schwäbisch Hall
Latin name
Sus scrofa f. domestica
even-toed ungulates, pigs
domestic animal
Distribution main breeding area in the N.E. of Baden-Württemberg

grass, roots and tubers, but also animals such as worms, insect larvae, smaller vertebrates and carcasses
Reproduction gestation period around 120 days, litters of up to 16 piglets or even more
Social structure harem and family groups
Population endangered
At Wilhelma at the Demonstration Farm
Special features the most fertile race of pigs that exists